June 13.

Space, NASA, space travel, pioneer 10, pioneer, on this day.

Pioneer 10’s assumed current position within the universe.

Inter-stellar On This Day news today, as June 13 1983 was the first time a man-made object had passed beyond the realms of our solar system.

‘Pioneer 10’ crossed the orbit of Neptune (the furthest known planet then and again now with the de-classification of Pluto), making it the first Earth-made object to travel that distance.

Created by TRW Inc. on behalf of NASA, the space probe was launched on March 3rd, 1972, meaning the gargantuan journey took 11 years, travelling between 2.7 – 2.9 billion miles in the process.

‘Pioneer 10’ is now believed to be approximately 10 billion miles from Earth.

Other famous historical events on this day include:

  • Queen Elizabeth II is shot at by a 17-year-old with a replica gun during the ‘Trooping the Guard Parade’. Marcus Serjeant was imprisoned for five years under the 1842 Treason Act, not utilised since 1966. (1981)
  • The Boeing 777 made its first flight. (1994)
  • The British of Guernsey legalises abortion. Over-turning a law that had stood since 1910. (1996)
  • Michael Jackson was cleared of child abuse in a civil case that lasted for four months. (2005)

June 12

On this day in 1992, Ronald Goldman and Nicole Brown Simpson were murdered outside her California home.

Waiter, Goldman and Simpson, then wife of NFL superstar O.J. Simpson were found with multiple stab wounds outside Simpson’s house shortly after midnight.

O.J. Simpson was subsequently tried and found not guilty of both murders in a trial marked by media outlets as ‘The Trial of the Century’.

He was, however, found liable for Goldman’s death and his family were, many years later, granted the rights to a book penned by the former American Football player.

Released in 2007 the book, titled ‘If I Did It’, was released by the family with the word ‘if’ printed in tiny text within the rest of the title and included a foreword written collectively by the family. The foreword was called: “He Did It”.

Other famous historical events on this day include:

  • Three prisoners escaped from high-security prison Alcatraz, in California. (1962)
  • Anti-apartheid protestor, Nelson Mandela was handed a life sentence for sabotage. (1964)
  • Ron Goldman and Nicole Brown Simpson are murdered in California. O.J. Simpson is later acquitted of their murder. (1992)
  • Queen Elizabeth officially re-opens the Globe Theatre in London. (1996)

June 10

AA, Alcoholics Anonymous, Alcohol. Onthisday, On, This, Day

Alcoholics Anonymous ‘chips’.
Left – Green Chip for six months sobriety.
Right – Purple Chip for nine months sobriety.

On this day in 1935, Dr. Robert Smith took his last sip of an alcoholic drink, setting up Alcoholic’s Anonymous in the process.

AA, still a predominately American institution, uses a specifically devised ’12-step Programme’ to help those who suffer from alcoholism (and later Narcotics) to remedy themselves of their affliction.

Dr. Robert (Bob) Smith was a relatively successful medical doctor, running his own colorectal surgery from his home in Ohio. Bob had suffered with heavy drinking-related issues during his college years and, latterly, checked himself into various institutions to try and rectify the issue before he came to the realisation that he had to do it himself.

On June 9th, Dr. Bob decided, with the help of fellow founder Bill Wilson, that enough was enough. He had a couple of drinks that night, one beer to steady his nerves in the morning and that was that.

Alcoholics Anonymous was founded that day by Bill and Bob.

Other historical events On This Day include:

  • Engineering company ‘Saab’ released their first car/automobile. (1947)
  • WWII: Norway surrenders to Germany. (1940)
  • Slobodan Milosevic agrees to withdraw troops from Kosovo, subsequently ending NATO air strikes on Serbia and therefore ending the Kosovo War. (1999).

May 30

The Indy 500 was founded On This Day in 1911.

The Indy 500 was founded On This Day in 1911.

On this day in 1911, one of the world’s most recognisable motor-sport events first took place.

The Indianapolis 500 has since become a staple of the American IndyCar calendar and usually still happens around its anniversary date, each year.

The very first race was won by, in a car that averaged roughly 75 mph. Nowadays, competitors race at an average of over 170 mph.

Unsurprisingly, the fastest Indy 500 ever was completed in 2013 by Brazilian Tony Kanaan in 2hrs 40mins 3secs. The fastest in-race lap belongs to American, Eddie Cheever at 38.119secs.

Other historical events throughout history On This Day include:

  • One of the world’s most famous baseball players, Babe Ruth, retires (1935)
  • The Lincoln Memorial is officially dedicated in Washington D.C. (1922).
  • The Auckland Harbour Bridge is officially opened in New Zealand, providing a crossing over the Waitemata Harbour (1959).

May 29

Scenes shortly after the Heysel Stadium collapse in 1985.

On this day in 1985, 39 people lost their lives in what would become known as the ‘Heysel Stadium Disaster’.

Heysel Stadium, in Brussels, Belgium, was the location for the European Cup Winners Cup Final between defending champions, Liverpool and challengers, Italian side, Juventus.

An hour before kick-off, a surge of Liverpool fans breeched a security gate surrounding the ‘neutral area’ of the ground. Having backed off, they ran into a brick wall, which eventually collapses crushing those who couldn’t escape – over 600 were injured alongside those who lost their lives.

Remarkably, the decision to let the game go ahead was made, with further rioting feared, had the game been called off.

Juventus would eventually lift the cup following a 1-0 victory.

After the event, and subsequent inquiry, a European competitions ban was passed down to all English football clubs for five years (with Liverpool handed a six-year ban).

Our thoughts go out to the families of those affected on this day 29 years ago.

Other events throughout history On This Day:

  • Peter II becomes the czar of Russia. (1727)
  • Bing Crosby records ‘White Christmas’ – the best selling Christmas single in history. (1942)
  • Bobby Charlton scores twice to help Manchester United become the first English winners of the European Cup. (1968)

May 23

Bonnie and Clyde

Bonnie and Clyde

On this day in 1934, notorious American outlaws ‘Bonnie and Clyde’ were killed in a police ambush.

Bonnie Elizabeth Parker and Clyde Chestnut Barrow robbed a series of banks throughout the late 1920s and early 1930s throughout middle America. Despite their high-profile bank robberies, the pair and their gang mostly robbed smaller stores and gas stations, but the big scores were what made them infamous.

On the day of May 23rd, 1934 the pair were spotted by six policeman, in broad daylight, stood beside their car. They were shot dead by the assembled coalition of Texan and Louisianan patrol officers in Bienville Parish, Louisianna.

Other historical events On This Day include:

  • Whipsnade Zoo opens. (1931)
  • Manchester United win the FA Cup following a () victory in the final over Newcastle United. (1999)
  • A Staffordshire man places a 30p bet with odds of 1,666,666/1, predicting 15 league winners from football, rugby and cricket. He won £500,000. (2001)
  • BBC staff and journalists stage a 24 hour protest strike over plans to cut 3,700 jobs. The strike severely affected that day’s output. (2005).

 

May 22

RIP Lee Rigby (1988 - 2013)

RIP Lee Rigby (1988 – 2013)

On this day in 2013, Lee Rigby was brutally murdered in the streets of Woolwich in south-east London.

It is believed Rigby was attacked completely at random and only because he was wearing a ‘Help for Heroes’ hoody at the time.

25-year-old Rigby had previous served in the 2nd Battalion of Royal Regiment of Fusiliers in Cyprus, Afghanistan and Germany.

His murderers, Michael Adebolajo and Michael Adebowale, committed the act in broad daylight outside a local primary school. They were approached by members of the public, at the time, who pleaded with them to stop and recorded their actions on mobile phones.

Armed police appeared on the scene less than fifteen minutes after the emergency call was received, where upon the attackers charged with their weapons; a gun and a meat cleaver. The Police wounded both men with shots and took them into custody.

Both Adebolajo and Adebowale were unrepentant during their trial and, following an unsuccessful appeal, were both sentenced to life imprisonment, with the former given a whole life order and the latter told he must serve at least 45 years.

 

Other events throughout history On This Day include:

  • The Wright Brothers’ first patent for a ‘flying machine’ was approved. (1906)
  • An earthquake measuring 8.6 on the Richter Scale hit Xining, China. (1927)
  • The Beatles’ ‘Ticket to Ride’ hits Number One. (1965).
  • Peter Sutcliffe, otherwise known as The Yorkshire Ripper, was sentenced to life imprisonment at The Old Bailey following six years of evading Police. (1981)